Physical therapy involves a combination of therapeutic programs made with the aim of meeting the needs of a patient. The programs are good for the treatment of patients’ physical dysfunction. They also help to prevent more deterioration of the body as a result of aging, injury, or disease. Some programs might also include function re-training, physical conditioning or strengthening, and supervised weight loss. Different kinds of therapy programs are undertaken under the supervision of a physical therapist that is licensed. The therapist evaluates the condition of the patient and introduces a program that can help the patient to recover.
At times, the physical therapists may have to train their patient’s basic skills such as how to sit upright, sleep in the right posture, walk with crutches and how to write with damaged limbs among others. Just like any other medical professional, the physical therapist will first need to capture the details of the patient so that they can be able to capture the problem. The therapist may also conduct some tests and carry out serious measurements to be able to get the problems. Some of the tests that the therapist, might take include movement analysis, postural screening, palpation, neurological and sensory tests, flexibility, balance, muscle strength, joint motion, and coordination tests.
Once the therapist gets the results of all the tests, they are in a position to design a treatment plan to assist the patient to recover and be able to conquer the dysfunction. Some patients particularly those with conditions that require them to use devices to move may need going through serious training. Some patients may need to be trained on how to use crutches, wheelchairs, among other devices to help them be independent. The therapists will also look at the kind of environment the patient lives so that they can assist them to learn how they can live safely in such an environment.
The treatment protocols that the therapists use may include intermittent compression pumps, TENS, infrared, UV rays, whirlpools, traction, functional activities training, ultrasound treatments, therapeutic exercises, cold and hot packs, electrical stimulation among others. This program cannot take place if the patent is not willing to undertake weekly regular treatment sessions. The patents must also be willing to cooperate with the therapist for amazing results. Other common techniques to help in the recovery process may include joint mobilization to enhance the flexibility of soft tissue and joint mobility, neurodevelopment, and massage.
The therapist will keep changing the treatment plan as the patient recovers. Every recovery stage requires a different way of handling, and the therapist has the knowledge on how to go about it. The patients are also trained on how to prevent the recurrence of the problem. In many instances, prevention of a problem is as easy as ensuring the right body movement, posture, and doing stretches. Many patients are not aware of this, and thus require the help of a therapist to live right. Without a doubt, physical therapists play significant roles in the management of well being and health today. Make sure that you find reliable physical therapy service providers to get the most out of the program.